During this period of high risk when thousands of separate procedures are performed, there had been one minor incident at the beginning of the project, the rest of the turnaround was completed safely without incident and on schedule. Safety became a core value and was clearly visible in the leadership’s commitment to address and solve safety critical issues in 24 hours. In contrast to previous turnaround projects the reduction in the number of incidents was outstanding.
Located 40 km northeast of Edmonton, Alberta, Scotford consists of an upgrader, refinery and chemicals facility. It is one of North America’s most efficient, modern and integrated hydrocarbon processing sites, converting oil sands derived bitumen into finished products via upgrading, refining, and chemical products.
At the beginning of 2013, Scotford had a scheduled 60-day turnaround of their upgrader facility for maintenance and equipment replacement, including cleanings, window replacements, furnace inspections and decoking, and repairs of control valves. To do this, the facility, including a hydroconversion unity and gas turbine generator, required a temporary shutdown.
Approximately 1800 people were onsite for the turnaround. Many of these were transient workers working for only 30 to 40 days together—a short amount of time to get alignment, deployment and execution. This meant high-pressure days with little time to develop a working culture and little room for error. The combination of a transient workforce and short project duration posed a particular challenge for safety on the site. There is a notoriously high-risk tolerance among much of the Alberta labor force, and these workers are exposed to many different safety cultures on sites throughout the region.
Meanwhile, the existing safety approach at the Scotford site was a rigid, systems and procedures-based approach towards safety management. While there was a strong emphasis on following these procedures, site safety records had been recorded as inconsistent and, at times, poor. Creating a working, effective safety environment on the turnaround required an adjustment to the site’s existing safety approach along with fast alignment among this diverse population.
The Scotford site’s Goal Zero Leadership Team absorbed JMJ’s Incident and Injury-Free™ (IIF™) approach into their safety program, and invited their four primary contractors to join the Leadership Team. With JMJ’s support, the team redesigned their site orientation to become more experiential with a focus on dialogue rather than slides and procedures. Ten orientation leaders were trained to deliver this redesigned orientation over a tight and well defined schedule, reaching nearly 1800 people in around 60 days.
The Team also held two Commitment Workshops—alignment workshops designed to allow management from Shell, contractors, and subcontractors to establish a relationship with each other and a shared safety commitment. Along with site wide assessments, additional supervisor workshops, and a thorough, redesigned communications structure and protocol, these combined efforts began to break down mistrust that existed among the varying parties. Management became clear of the expectations between teams, and the ways to meet accountabilities were made more transparent.
These improved communication structures included built in feedback loops from the field and field coaching walks led by both JMJ and the Goal Zero Leadership Team. The aligned commitment to safety meant that any safety-critical items raised by anyone on-site would be addressed and solved within 24-hours.
There was a noticeable cultural shift away from the approach that more processes and procedures were the answer. Using JMJ’s Integral Approach, the leadership teams of Shell, the contractors and the subcontractors began to see that safety needed to be addressed from the internal, often unexamined intentions, beliefs and cultural norms held by management teams and varied workforces. This initiated the shift into a culture of care and concern.
As a result of this more open environment, near miss reporting increased significantly even in the first two weeks as people learned that it was okay to speak up. Follow-ups on any reported safety issues had a 99% closure rate. The absentee rate which may normally have been 10% went down to 2 or 3%. On a project during this period of high risk when thousands of separate procedures are performed, there had been one minor incident at the beginning of the project, the rest of the turnaround was completed safely without incident. Shell Scotford was recognized for its Goal Zero programme and was awarded the Dwight Bowhay Memorial Health and Safety Innovation Award from the Alberta Petro-chemical Safety Council.
80% Reduction in Absenteeism From 10% to 2%
“Safety became a core value and was clearly visible in the Leaderships Commitment to address and solve safety critical issues in 24 hours. In contrast to previous turnaround projects the reduction in the number of incidents was outstanding.”
David Hedd, Upgrader Turnaround Manager, Shell Oil Canada—Scotford Manufacturing Centre
Shell Scotford Manufacturing Centre
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During this period of high risk when thousands of separate procedures are performed, there had been one minor incident at the beginning of the project, the rest of the turnaround was completed safely without incident and on schedule.